Anthony Fauci
Anthony Fauci led research team that discovered cancer causing virus. He and Robert Gallo were instrumental in the research and understanding of AIDS.

AIDS, (Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome) is a fatal transmissible disorder of the immune system caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) that gradually destroys the body's defense against disease. It is undoubtedly one of the great scourges of modern times, one that has challenged the world's brightest scientists who have begun to make important strides in dealing with the epidemic. Among these scientists are Italian Americans Robert Charles Gallo and Anthony S. Fauci. Born in Waterbury, Connecticut in 1937 of immigrant parents from northern Italy, Gallo overcome personal family tragedy at an early age, graduated from Providence College, and then enrolled in Thomas Jefferson Medical College where his experiments with blood cells attracted the attention of the National Cancer Institute in Bethesda, Maryland. In 1965 he became a clinical associate in the latter institution soon advancing to senior investigator in the area of human tumor-cell biology. In 1978 the research team he led discovered HTL (human T-cell leukemia), marking the first time a virus causing cancer in humans was discovered. In 1984 Gallo's team was able to identify that virus as responsible for AIDS, and it also developed a blood test to screen for the disease. Two years later Gallo's team, together with a French research team that moved along a similar research pattern, was recognized for extraordinary contributions to an understanding of AIDS disease.

Anthony Fauci was born in Brooklyn New York in1940, attended respected Regis High School in New York, Holy Cross College, and Cornell University from which he received a medical degree in 1966. His professional research work on allergic infections and immunology caused him to focus on AIDS. In 1980 he became director of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases in Bethesda, Maryland, that concentrated on AIDS research among other diseases. Even though a breakthrough to successfully fighting AIDS has not yet been found, the work of his institute has been credited with significantly advancing knowledge about AIDS.

Robert Gallo

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